Resources tagged: oil spills


Oil spills: Two Examples

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1. Ogoniland, Niger Delta UNEP Environmental Assessment of Ogoniland report, 2011: http://www.unep.org/nigeria Executive Summary of UNEP report: http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/OEA/01_fwd_es_ch01_UNEP_OEA.pdf Shell Nigeria response to UNEP report: http://www.shell.com.ng/environment-society/our-response.html Amnesty International response to UNEP report (video): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VhlW-DzaosQ   2. Deepwater Horizon Deepwater Disaster a BBC Horizon documentary (video): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U454HFEdRMQ The Deepwater Horizon Accident: What Happened and Why? By Stanford University (video): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aN2TIWomahQ Deepwater Horizon accident and response from BP: http://www.bp.com/en/global/corporate/gulf-of-mexico-restoration/deepwater-horizon-accident-and-response.html The official federal portal for the Deepwater BP oil spill response and recovery: http://www.restorethegulf.gov/


Resources

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Effective responses follow internationally agreed standard and protocols for safety, mitigation, preparedness and prevention.  Useful points of reference include: OPRC The International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation is the international instrument that provides a framework to facilitate international co-operation and assistance in preparing for and responding to major oil pollution incidents.   The Global Initiative An umbrella organization involving governments and industry representatives IPIECA This is the global oil and gas industry association for environmental and social issues. The IPIECA Oil spill report series provides a practical and accessible overview of the issues relevant to preparing for, and responding to oil spills at sea. The International Tanker Owners


What are the impacts of oil spills?

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The seriousness of an oil spill will depend on where it occurs. Some of the largest spills have gone virtually unnoticed because they happened out at sea with limited impacts on human activity; that’s not to say that the environment was not harmed. The 1989 Exxon Valdez supertanker disaster in Alaska attracted headlines because it spilt approximately 11 million barrels of oil into pristine inshore waters. The USA’s largest accidental oil spill, caused by an explosion on the BP Deepwater Horizon drilling platform in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010, killed eleven people and discharged an estimated 206 million gallons of oil with huge impacts on coastal communities and wildlife.


Oil spills

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With so much oil being transported around the world, it’s little wonder that some of it gets spilt – sometimes with tragic consequences. The number of oil spills taking place each year has been declining sharply over the last forty years but any oil spill can be a disaster in the locality where it occurs. We think of oil spills as accidents but of the largest oil spills to occur over the last hundred years, the biggest was the 1991 Gulf War oil disaster caused by the deliberate discharge of 240-460 million gallons of Kuwaiti crude oil into the Persian Gulf. Find a brief account of major oil spill disasters