Resources tagged: oil spills


Sakhalin’s Oil – Doing it Right

Author: Dan Lawn, Rick Steiner & Jonathan Wills
Date: November 1999
Categories: Good practice, Governance, Reports

Summary The Sea of Okhotsk is one of theworld’s most biologically productive seas. The people of the Russian Far East harvest rich fisheries stocks of crab, shrimp, pollock and other sea food products in the Sea of Okhotsk. The coast lines of the Sea of Okhotsk still provide spawning grounds for healthy, wild Pacific salmon runs that are in decline in other parts of the North Pacific. The waters near north eastern Sakhalin provide habitat for endangered Okhotsk Gray Whales. Yet new off shore oil developments along the north eastern shore of Sakhalin Island have greatly increased risks to the Sea of Okhotsk and its shorelines through an increased risk


The Norwegian Model – Ryggvik

Author: Helge Ryggvik
Date: 2010
Categories: Good practice, Governance, Reports

Summary The Norwegian oil policy is regarded by many as the only successful example where a country, after discovering oil, has built a competent national oil industry, yet still has managed to maintain an egalitarian welfare state. Following the largest environmental disaster in recent history, the Deepwater Horizon accident, Norway’s apparent ability to master the safety and environmental challenges has received international attention. Does Norway deserve such praise? Do other nations really have anything to learn from the Norwegian oil experience? What exactly is the Norwegian oil experience? Historian Helge Ryggvik (dr.philos.) is employed at the Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture at the University of Oslo. He is the


Oil Spill – Preparedness and Response

Author: IPIECA
Date: 2008
Categories: Good practice, Guides for Practioners, Oil spills

Summary The IPIECA Oil Spill Preparedness and Response Report Series Summary brings together, for the first time, the complete IPIECA oil spill report series under one cover. It provides a complete overview of issues that can be referenced in the preparation for, and response to, oil spills at sea. The core content of this publication is made up of report summaries which reference the full report series contained on the CD-ROM in English, French, Spanish and Russian. Arabic and Chinese language sets are planned for the future. The 17 reports in the series focus on the biological impacts of spills on sensitive environments and other general and specific aspects of


BP accepts responsibility for Gulf oil spill

Author: Simon Bowers - guardian.co.uk
Date: Sunday 2 May 2010
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, News Articles, Oil spills

British oil and gas group’s chief executive says it accepts role as ‘responsible party’ for clean-up BP was fighting to save its reputation in the US, insisting the response effort was “the largest ever mobilised anywhere in the world”. The British oil and gas group, still bitterly remembered for the 2005 Texas City refinery explosion that killed 15 and for environmentally damaging pipeline leaks in Alaska, is reaching out to Louisiana communities, establishing town hall meetings and places for volunteers to enrol. It is also working with the local shipping community to make sure as many vessels as possible are available to help with the response effort. DOWNLOAD: BP accepts


Alaska massive oil spill

Author: BBC News
Date: Saturday 11 March 2006
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, News Articles, Oil spills

An oil spill discovered at Prudhoe Bay field is the largest ever on Alaska’s North Slope region, US officials say. They estimate that up to 267,000 gallons (one million litres) of crude leaked from a corroded transit pipeline at the state’s northern tip. The spill was detected on 2 March and plugged. Local environmentalists have described it as “a catastrophe”. In 1989, the Exxon Valdez shipping disaster spilled 11m gallons (42m litres) of oil onto the Alaskan coast. DOWNLOAD: Alaska massive oil spill – March 2006


Action against oil pollution – IPIECA

Author: IPIECA
Date: 2005
Categories: Environment, Good practice, Guides for Practioners

SUMMARY: “A significant proportion of the world’s oil is produced offshore, and is subsequently transported by pipeline, both onshore and offshore, or by sea in ships. Although over the years the amount of oil produced and transported has greatly increased as the world’s economy has expanded, the amount of oil spilt has decreased. This reduction is primarily due to the concerted efforts of the various stakeholders in the oil supply chain to develop more effective preventative measures. Significant advances in material and construction technology and stricter operational procedures in the offshore industry and pipeline operations have minimized the risk of spills into the marine environment. The downward trend in the


Human Rights Impact of Mismanagement Oil Revenues

Author: Human Rights Watch
Date: January 2007
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Governance, Reports

Nigeria has produced several hundred billion dollars worth of oil since independence in 1960, but ordinary Nigerians have derived appallingly little benefit from all of that wealth. This situation exists primarily because successive governments, both military and civilian, have stolen or misused much of Nigeria’s tremendous oil wealth. The head of Nigeria’s Economic and Financial Crimes Commission has stated that the country lost as much as $380 billion to corruption and waste between 1960 and 1999, the year Nigeria’s current government came to power. The human rights impact of those losses has been profound, as funds that government could have spent on basic health care and primary education for Nigeria’s


Global Initiative Oil Spill Response

Author: IPIECA
Date: June 2012
Categories: Good practice, Oil spills, Reports

While the oil and gas industry works to prevent oil spills, it also remains prepared by developing comprehensive contingency plans in cooperation with governments. These ensure a rapid response to anticipate and minimize the impacts of oil spills. DOWNLOAD: Global Initiative Oil Spill Response


Drilling for Oil in the Arctic Too Soon Too Risky

Author: WWF
Date: December 1, 2010
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Environment, Reports

About this report: This report examines the gap that exists between the growing threat of a major oil spill in the Arctic and the capacity that exists to respond to it. Its key conclusion is twofold: Mounting an effective response to a major oil spill in the Arctic is presently not possible due to enormous environmental challenges, a lack of capacity and the severe limitations of current response methods in ice-covered waters. Due to the Arctic’s remoteness and extreme weather, there is also a high percentage of time when no response, however ineffective, could even be attempted. This is what is now known, in published literature, as “the response gap.”


Community impacts of the Exxon Valdez oil spill

Author: Stephen R. Braund and Jack Kruse
Date: May 2009
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Oil spills, Reports

Overview: The oil spilled in Exxon Valdez Oil Spill (EVOS) was produced onshore at Prudhoe Bay. The size of the spill was 50 times larger than the largest spill considered in OCS scenarios. It is fair to say that no one imagined that so much oil could be spilled in one event. Unfortunately, however, 11 million gallons of oil did spill from a tanker into the offshore environment. That said, the fact that EVOS occurred does not mean that it constitutes the best high-end scenario for an OCS-related oil spill. Smaller spills are far more likely, particularly given the attention paid to avoiding a repeat of EVOS. For this reason,