Resources tagged: managing impacts


Niger Delta: Human Development Report

Author: UNDP
Date: 2006
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Jobs and skills, Reports

Over the past four decades, the issues confronting the Niger Delta region have caused increasing national and international concern. The region produces immense oil wealth and has become the engine of Nigeria’s economy. But it also presents a paradox, because these vast revenues have barely touched the Niger Delta’s own pervasive local poverty. Today, there are formidable challenges to sustainable human development in the region. The manifestations of these challenges include the conflicts over resources among communities, and between communities and oil companies. DOWNLOAD: Niger Delta: Human Development Report


What is Impact Assessment?

Author: International Association for Impact Assessment
Date: October 2009
Categories: Good practice, Governance, Guides for Practioners
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SUMMARY: “This brief document defines the role and value of impact assessment (IA), including all disciplines, and explains how IA relates to decision-making. It is written for technical people unfamiliar with IA, for decision makers on the fringes of IA, and for people new to this field.” The aims and methodologies of IA are outlined and references on the subject are provided. DOWNLOAD: IAIA 2009-What is Impact Assessment?


Sakhalin’s Oil – Doing it Right

Author: Dan Lawn, Rick Steiner & Jonathan Wills
Date: November 1999
Categories: Good practice, Governance, Reports

Summary The Sea of Okhotsk is one of theworld’s most biologically productive seas. The people of the Russian Far East harvest rich fisheries stocks of crab, shrimp, pollock and other sea food products in the Sea of Okhotsk. The coast lines of the Sea of Okhotsk still provide spawning grounds for healthy, wild Pacific salmon runs that are in decline in other parts of the North Pacific. The waters near north eastern Sakhalin provide habitat for endangered Okhotsk Gray Whales. Yet new off shore oil developments along the north eastern shore of Sakhalin Island have greatly increased risks to the Sea of Okhotsk and its shorelines through an increased risk


Oil Spill – Preparedness and Response

Author: IPIECA
Date: 2008
Categories: Good practice, Guides for Practioners, Oil spills

Summary The IPIECA Oil Spill Preparedness and Response Report Series Summary brings together, for the first time, the complete IPIECA oil spill report series under one cover. It provides a complete overview of issues that can be referenced in the preparation for, and response to, oil spills at sea. The core content of this publication is made up of report summaries which reference the full report series contained on the CD-ROM in English, French, Spanish and Russian. Arabic and Chinese language sets are planned for the future. The 17 reports in the series focus on the biological impacts of spills on sensitive environments and other general and specific aspects of


Global Gas Flaring Reduction – Public Private Partnership

Author: The World Bank
Date: May 2004
Categories: Flaring, Good practice, Guides for Practioners
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This Voluntary Standard for Global Gas Flaring and Venting Reduction (the “Standard”) provides guidance on how to achieve reductions in the flaring and venting of gas associated with crude oil production worldwide. The approach set forth in the Standard is intended to support other flare reduction initiatives and go beyond prevailing flaring and venting practices that would otherwise occur in many countries. The parties supporting this Standard voluntarily choose to endorse the principles laid out in the Standard and to work in cooperation with GGFR Partners to seek solutions to overcome barriers that prevent significant gas flaring and venting reduction. Consistent with the objective to achieve significant reductions, the Standard


Integrating Biodiversity Conservation into Oil & Gas Developments

Author: Energy and Biodiversity Initiative (EBI)
Date: 2003
Categories: Environment, Good practice, Reports

SUMMARY “The Energy and Biodiversity Initiative (EBI) was created to develop and promote practices for integrating biodiversity conservation into upstream oil and gas development. The Initiative seeks to be a positive force for biodiversity conservation by bringing together leading energy companies and conservation organisations to share experiences  and build on intellectual capital to create value and influence key audiences. The nine members of EBI are BP, CHEVRON, Conservation International, Flora & Fauna International, IUCN – The World Conservation Union, The Nature Conservancy, SHELL, Smithsonian Institute, STATOIL. .. The EBI partnership was designed to produce practical guidelines, tools and models to improve the environmental performance of energy operations, minimize harm to


Impacts of oil on environment and wellbeing – Nigeria

Author: Legbrosi Saro Pyagbara, for the United Nations
Date: August 2007
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Environment

Crude oil has had profound impact on the world civilization than any single natural resource in recorded history. Oil has become a very decisive element in defining the politics, rhetoric and diplomacy of states. This fact is adumbrated in a public lecture entitled “Oil in World Politics” delivered by a former secretary of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), the late Chief M.O.Feyide, when he asserted that “All over the world, the lives of people are affected and the destiny of nations are determined by the result of oil explorations. Oil keeps the factors of the industrialized countries working and provides the revenues, which enable oil exporters to


The false developmental promise of Corporate Social Responsibility: evidence from multinational oil companies

Author: Jedrzel George Frynas
Date: 2005
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Governance, Reports
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Introduction: The oil and gas sector has been among the leading industries in championing Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Oil companies attach greater importance to their social and environmental impact and they engage more with local communities than they used to in the past. This shift is demonstrated by, among other things, the remarkable growth in corporate codes of conduct and social reporting. Oil companies have also embraced major international CSR initiatives such as Kofi Annan’s Global Compact and the Global Reporting Initiative (established by CERES, the Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies). Royal Dutch/Shell and BP have become significant players in renewable energy, and have professed to be combating carbon dioxide


Environmental Management Oil and Gas

Author: E&P Forum/UNEP
Date: 1997
Categories: Environment, Good practice, Reports

SUMMARY: “Awareness of the importance of environmental issues has become more and more central to the thinking of the oil industry and regulators in the last decades. Integration of development and environment, approached in partnership between stakeholders, was the theme of the UNCED Conference in Rio in 1992. Principle 4 of the Rio Declaration captures this challenge: “In order to achieve sustainable development, environmental protection shall constitute an integral part of the development process and cannot be considered in isolation from it”. These guidelines on environmental management in oil and gas exploration and production are based on the collective experience gained by UNEP and the oil industry. They should help meet


Energy Eco Livelihoods Report

Author: Laura Williamson (HELIO International) and Nadine McCormick (IUCN)
Date: 2008
Categories: Environment, Good practice, Reports

About this report: The document begins with a short overview on the impacts of degrading eco-systems on human well-being. How current energy consumption is contributing to this degradation is also addressed. The affect of climate change on ecosystem services and the energy services they provide is then briefly examined. The document concludes with suggestions for how IUCN could bring its expertise to the energy, ecosystem, climate change nexus. DOWNLOAD: Energy Eco Livelihoods Report – IUCN