Resources tagged: impact on environment


Oil Spill – Preparedness and Response

Author: IPIECA
Date: 2008
Categories: Good practice, Guides for Practioners, Oil spills

Summary The IPIECA Oil Spill Preparedness and Response Report Series Summary brings together, for the first time, the complete IPIECA oil spill report series under one cover. It provides a complete overview of issues that can be referenced in the preparation for, and response to, oil spills at sea. The core content of this publication is made up of report summaries which reference the full report series contained on the CD-ROM in English, French, Spanish and Russian. Arabic and Chinese language sets are planned for the future. The 17 reports in the series focus on the biological impacts of spills on sensitive environments and other general and specific aspects of


Global Gas Flaring Reduction – Public Private Partnership

Author: The World Bank
Date: May 2004
Categories: Flaring, Good practice, Guides for Practioners
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This Voluntary Standard for Global Gas Flaring and Venting Reduction (the “Standard”) provides guidance on how to achieve reductions in the flaring and venting of gas associated with crude oil production worldwide. The approach set forth in the Standard is intended to support other flare reduction initiatives and go beyond prevailing flaring and venting practices that would otherwise occur in many countries. The parties supporting this Standard voluntarily choose to endorse the principles laid out in the Standard and to work in cooperation with GGFR Partners to seek solutions to overcome barriers that prevent significant gas flaring and venting reduction. Consistent with the objective to achieve significant reductions, the Standard


Gas flaring impacts – Nigeria

Author: Peter Roderick, Climate Justice Programme
Date: June 2005
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Flaring

Executive Summary More gas is flared in Nigeria than anywhere else in the world. Estimates are notoriously unreliable, but roughly 2.5 billion cubic feet of gas associated with crude oil is wasted in this way everyday. This is equivalent to 40% of all Africa’s natural gas consumption in 2001, while the annual financial loss to Nigeria is about US$ 2.5 billion. The flares have contributed more greenhouse gases than all of sub-Saharan Africa combined. And the flares contain a cocktail of toxins that affect the health and livelihoods of local communities, exposing Niger Delta residents to an increased risk of premature deaths, child respiratory illnesses, asthma and cancer. This is


BP accepts responsibility for Gulf oil spill

Author: Simon Bowers - guardian.co.uk
Date: Sunday 2 May 2010
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, News Articles, Oil spills

British oil and gas group’s chief executive says it accepts role as ‘responsible party’ for clean-up BP was fighting to save its reputation in the US, insisting the response effort was “the largest ever mobilised anywhere in the world”. The British oil and gas group, still bitterly remembered for the 2005 Texas City refinery explosion that killed 15 and for environmentally damaging pipeline leaks in Alaska, is reaching out to Louisiana communities, establishing town hall meetings and places for volunteers to enrol. It is also working with the local shipping community to make sure as many vessels as possible are available to help with the response effort. DOWNLOAD: BP accepts


Action against oil pollution – IPIECA

Author: IPIECA
Date: 2005
Categories: Environment, Good practice, Guides for Practioners

SUMMARY: “A significant proportion of the world’s oil is produced offshore, and is subsequently transported by pipeline, both onshore and offshore, or by sea in ships. Although over the years the amount of oil produced and transported has greatly increased as the world’s economy has expanded, the amount of oil spilt has decreased. This reduction is primarily due to the concerted efforts of the various stakeholders in the oil supply chain to develop more effective preventative measures. Significant advances in material and construction technology and stricter operational procedures in the offshore industry and pipeline operations have minimized the risk of spills into the marine environment. The downward trend in the


Integrating Biodiversity Conservation into Oil & Gas Developments

Author: Energy and Biodiversity Initiative (EBI)
Date: 2003
Categories: Environment, Good practice, Reports

SUMMARY “The Energy and Biodiversity Initiative (EBI) was created to develop and promote practices for integrating biodiversity conservation into upstream oil and gas development. The Initiative seeks to be a positive force for biodiversity conservation by bringing together leading energy companies and conservation organisations to share experiences  and build on intellectual capital to create value and influence key audiences. The nine members of EBI are BP, CHEVRON, Conservation International, Flora & Fauna International, IUCN – The World Conservation Union, The Nature Conservancy, SHELL, Smithsonian Institute, STATOIL. .. The EBI partnership was designed to produce practical guidelines, tools and models to improve the environmental performance of energy operations, minimize harm to


Impacts of oil on environment and wellbeing – Nigeria

Author: Legbrosi Saro Pyagbara, for the United Nations
Date: August 2007
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Environment

Crude oil has had profound impact on the world civilization than any single natural resource in recorded history. Oil has become a very decisive element in defining the politics, rhetoric and diplomacy of states. This fact is adumbrated in a public lecture entitled “Oil in World Politics” delivered by a former secretary of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), the late Chief M.O.Feyide, when he asserted that “All over the world, the lives of people are affected and the destiny of nations are determined by the result of oil explorations. Oil keeps the factors of the industrialized countries working and provides the revenues, which enable oil exporters to


Environmental Management Oil and Gas

Author: E&P Forum/UNEP
Date: 1997
Categories: Environment, Good practice, Reports

SUMMARY: “Awareness of the importance of environmental issues has become more and more central to the thinking of the oil industry and regulators in the last decades. Integration of development and environment, approached in partnership between stakeholders, was the theme of the UNCED Conference in Rio in 1992. Principle 4 of the Rio Declaration captures this challenge: “In order to achieve sustainable development, environmental protection shall constitute an integral part of the development process and cannot be considered in isolation from it”. These guidelines on environmental management in oil and gas exploration and production are based on the collective experience gained by UNEP and the oil industry. They should help meet


Energy Eco Livelihoods Report

Author: Laura Williamson (HELIO International) and Nadine McCormick (IUCN)
Date: 2008
Categories: Environment, Good practice, Reports

About this report: The document begins with a short overview on the impacts of degrading eco-systems on human well-being. How current energy consumption is contributing to this degradation is also addressed. The affect of climate change on ecosystem services and the energy services they provide is then briefly examined. The document concludes with suggestions for how IUCN could bring its expertise to the energy, ecosystem, climate change nexus. DOWNLOAD: Energy Eco Livelihoods Report – IUCN


Drilling for Oil in the Arctic Too Soon Too Risky

Author: WWF
Date: December 1, 2010
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Environment, Reports

About this report: This report examines the gap that exists between the growing threat of a major oil spill in the Arctic and the capacity that exists to respond to it. Its key conclusion is twofold: Mounting an effective response to a major oil spill in the Arctic is presently not possible due to enormous environmental challenges, a lack of capacity and the severe limitations of current response methods in ice-covered waters. Due to the Arctic’s remoteness and extreme weather, there is also a high percentage of time when no response, however ineffective, could even be attempted. This is what is now known, in published literature, as “the response gap.”