Resources tagged: human rights


Niger Delta: Human Development Report

Author: UNDP
Date: 2006
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Jobs and skills, Reports

Over the past four decades, the issues confronting the Niger Delta region have caused increasing national and international concern. The region produces immense oil wealth and has become the engine of Nigeria’s economy. But it also presents a paradox, because these vast revenues have barely touched the Niger Delta’s own pervasive local poverty. Today, there are formidable challenges to sustainable human development in the region. The manifestations of these challenges include the conflicts over resources among communities, and between communities and oil companies. DOWNLOAD: Niger Delta: Human Development Report


Gas flaring impacts – Nigeria

Author: Peter Roderick, Climate Justice Programme
Date: June 2005
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Flaring

Executive Summary More gas is flared in Nigeria than anywhere else in the world. Estimates are notoriously unreliable, but roughly 2.5 billion cubic feet of gas associated with crude oil is wasted in this way everyday. This is equivalent to 40% of all Africa’s natural gas consumption in 2001, while the annual financial loss to Nigeria is about US$ 2.5 billion. The flares have contributed more greenhouse gases than all of sub-Saharan Africa combined. And the flares contain a cocktail of toxins that affect the health and livelihoods of local communities, exposing Niger Delta residents to an increased risk of premature deaths, child respiratory illnesses, asthma and cancer. This is


Ecuador oil emergency due to protest

Author: CNN
Date: February 22, 2006
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Governance, News Articles

Ecuador’s government has declared a state of emergency — suspending civil liberties — in a jungle province to quell protests that have interrupted the flow of crude in the nation’s two main oil pipelines, President Alfredo Palacio’s spokesman said Wednesday. Television on Wednesday broadcast images taken a day earlier of three men apparently shot and wounded by soldiers who were trying to repel hundreds of people hurling stones at them in the town of Borja, about 75 miles (120 kilometers) southeast of Quito. DOWNLOAD: Ecuador oil emergency due to protest


Human Rights Impact of Mismanagement Oil Revenues

Author: Human Rights Watch
Date: January 2007
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Governance, Reports

Nigeria has produced several hundred billion dollars worth of oil since independence in 1960, but ordinary Nigerians have derived appallingly little benefit from all of that wealth. This situation exists primarily because successive governments, both military and civilian, have stolen or misused much of Nigeria’s tremendous oil wealth. The head of Nigeria’s Economic and Financial Crimes Commission has stated that the country lost as much as $380 billion to corruption and waste between 1960 and 1999, the year Nigeria’s current government came to power. The human rights impact of those losses has been profound, as funds that government could have spent on basic health care and primary education for Nigeria’s


Grievance Mechanisms

Author: IPIECA
Date: 2012
Categories: Good practice, Governance, Guides for Practioners

Introduction Wherever companies do business, engaging with affected communities and responding to their concerns is essential to operating successfully whilst ensuring respect for human rights. Processes that allow concerns to be raised and remedied—also known as grievance mechanisms—are an important means of achieving this aim. Grievance mechanisms benefit companies and communities by providing an opportunity for concerns to be identified and resolved before they escalate. When implemented as part of a broader community engagement strategy, they contribute to enhanced relationships, reduced risk, better management of operational impacts and the avoidance of potential harm. This IPIECA Good Practice Survey on Operational Level Grievance Mechanisms builds on a decade of active engagement


Civilians and oil firms flee Niger Delta as guerrilla attacks worsen

Author: Peter Beaumont, in The Observer
Date: Sunday 20 July 2008
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Governance, News Articles

SUMMARY: The article describes how assaults on foreign workers that threaten to shut down one of the world’s biggest suppliers, reveal the struggle for power between the army and shady militia gangs in the Niger Delta. DOWNLOAD: Civilians and oil firms flee Niger Delta as guerrilla attacks worsen World news The Observer