Resources tagged: governance


What is Impact Assessment?

Author: International Association for Impact Assessment
Date: October 2009
Categories: Good practice, Governance, Guides for Practioners
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SUMMARY: “This brief document defines the role and value of impact assessment (IA), including all disciplines, and explains how IA relates to decision-making. It is written for technical people unfamiliar with IA, for decision makers on the fringes of IA, and for people new to this field.” The aims and methodologies of IA are outlined and references on the subject are provided. DOWNLOAD: IAIA 2009-What is Impact Assessment?


Extractive Industries and Sustainable Development – Best practice guide for offshore oil and gas development

Author: KLOFF Sandra, WICKS Clive, SIEGEL Paul - WWF
Date: 2010
Categories: Good practice, Governance, Guides for Practioners

SUMMARY: This important book focusses on some of the world’s most valuable coastal and marine ecosystems, which are found in the West African Marine Ecoregion and are being threatened by a range of factors,notably fishing, land-based pollution, coastal development, dam building in river basins, tourism, climate change and, more recently, by renewed interest on the part of the oil and gas industry. Virtually the whole coastal and marine zones – including hotspots of biodiversity, key fishing grounds and important tourism areas – have been divided into blocks for oil and gas exploration. Many companies are looking for oil and gas and one consortium is already producing. WWF, the global environmental organisation,


Corruption in oil – US regulator relations

Author: Suzanne Goldenberg, The Guardian
Date: Thursday September 11 2008
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Governance, News Articles

Government officials in charge of collecting royalties from oil companies accepted ski holidays and other gifts from the firms they were meant to be regulating, as well as using cocaine and having sex with industry executives, according to an official report released yesterday. The inspector general’s investigation found a “culture of substance abuse and promiscuity” operating at the mineral management service (MMS), the government agency charged with regulating oil companies. The investigation focused on the royalties-in-kind programme which allows oil companies to pay royalties to the federal government in oil and gas rather than cash. It is one of the government’s biggest sources of revenue outside of taxes, bringing in


Ecuador oil emergency due to protest

Author: CNN
Date: February 22, 2006
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Governance, News Articles

Ecuador’s government has declared a state of emergency — suspending civil liberties — in a jungle province to quell protests that have interrupted the flow of crude in the nation’s two main oil pipelines, President Alfredo Palacio’s spokesman said Wednesday. Television on Wednesday broadcast images taken a day earlier of three men apparently shot and wounded by soldiers who were trying to repel hundreds of people hurling stones at them in the town of Borja, about 75 miles (120 kilometers) southeast of Quito. DOWNLOAD: Ecuador oil emergency due to protest


Human Rights Impact of Mismanagement Oil Revenues

Author: Human Rights Watch
Date: January 2007
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Governance, Reports

Nigeria has produced several hundred billion dollars worth of oil since independence in 1960, but ordinary Nigerians have derived appallingly little benefit from all of that wealth. This situation exists primarily because successive governments, both military and civilian, have stolen or misused much of Nigeria’s tremendous oil wealth. The head of Nigeria’s Economic and Financial Crimes Commission has stated that the country lost as much as $380 billion to corruption and waste between 1960 and 1999, the year Nigeria’s current government came to power. The human rights impact of those losses has been profound, as funds that government could have spent on basic health care and primary education for Nigeria’s


Grievance Mechanisms

Author: IPIECA
Date: 2012
Categories: Good practice, Governance, Guides for Practioners

Introduction Wherever companies do business, engaging with affected communities and responding to their concerns is essential to operating successfully whilst ensuring respect for human rights. Processes that allow concerns to be raised and remedied—also known as grievance mechanisms—are an important means of achieving this aim. Grievance mechanisms benefit companies and communities by providing an opportunity for concerns to be identified and resolved before they escalate. When implemented as part of a broader community engagement strategy, they contribute to enhanced relationships, reduced risk, better management of operational impacts and the avoidance of potential harm. This IPIECA Good Practice Survey on Operational Level Grievance Mechanisms builds on a decade of active engagement


Global Initiative Oil Spill Response

Author: IPIECA
Date: June 2012
Categories: Good practice, Oil spills, Reports

While the oil and gas industry works to prevent oil spills, it also remains prepared by developing comprehensive contingency plans in cooperation with governments. These ensure a rapid response to anticipate and minimize the impacts of oil spills. DOWNLOAD: Global Initiative Oil Spill Response


The false developmental promise of Corporate Social Responsibility: evidence from multinational oil companies

Author: Jedrzel George Frynas
Date: 2005
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Governance, Reports
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Introduction: The oil and gas sector has been among the leading industries in championing Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Oil companies attach greater importance to their social and environmental impact and they engage more with local communities than they used to in the past. This shift is demonstrated by, among other things, the remarkable growth in corporate codes of conduct and social reporting. Oil companies have also embraced major international CSR initiatives such as Kofi Annan’s Global Compact and the Global Reporting Initiative (established by CERES, the Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies). Royal Dutch/Shell and BP have become significant players in renewable energy, and have professed to be combating carbon dioxide


Civilians and oil firms flee Niger Delta as guerrilla attacks worsen

Author: Peter Beaumont, in The Observer
Date: Sunday 20 July 2008
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Governance, News Articles

SUMMARY: The article describes how assaults on foreign workers that threaten to shut down one of the world’s biggest suppliers, reveal the struggle for power between the army and shady militia gangs in the Niger Delta. DOWNLOAD: Civilians and oil firms flee Niger Delta as guerrilla attacks worsen World news The Observer