Resources tagged: flaring


Global Gas Flaring Reduction – Public Private Partnership

Author: The World Bank
Date: May 2004
Categories: Flaring, Good practice, Guides for Practioners
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This Voluntary Standard for Global Gas Flaring and Venting Reduction (the “Standard”) provides guidance on how to achieve reductions in the flaring and venting of gas associated with crude oil production worldwide. The approach set forth in the Standard is intended to support other flare reduction initiatives and go beyond prevailing flaring and venting practices that would otherwise occur in many countries. The parties supporting this Standard voluntarily choose to endorse the principles laid out in the Standard and to work in cooperation with GGFR Partners to seek solutions to overcome barriers that prevent significant gas flaring and venting reduction. Consistent with the objective to achieve significant reductions, the Standard


Gas flaring reduction – good practice policy

Author: Global Gas Flaring Reduction Partnership (GGFR)
Date: March 2009
Categories: Flaring, Good practice, Guides for Practioners

The oil and gas industry has historically employed two options, gas re-injection and monetization, to utilize associated gas. These options are only extensively utilized in a few economically developed, oil-producing countries. As a result, global levels of flaring and venting exceed 150 billion cubic meters a year. It is the host government’s responsibility to develop and implement policy enabling flare and vent reduction investments. Typically, the bulk of investments in gas utilization are funded by oil companies who are unlikely to commit their resources to associated gas utilization projects unless the host government creates an environment that supports their economic viability, and where the rights and obligations of the oil


Gas flaring impacts – Nigeria

Author: Peter Roderick, Climate Justice Programme
Date: June 2005
Categories: Critical accounts of negative impacts, Flaring

Executive Summary More gas is flared in Nigeria than anywhere else in the world. Estimates are notoriously unreliable, but roughly 2.5 billion cubic feet of gas associated with crude oil is wasted in this way everyday. This is equivalent to 40% of all Africa’s natural gas consumption in 2001, while the annual financial loss to Nigeria is about US$ 2.5 billion. The flares have contributed more greenhouse gases than all of sub-Saharan Africa combined. And the flares contain a cocktail of toxins that affect the health and livelihoods of local communities, exposing Niger Delta residents to an increased risk of premature deaths, child respiratory illnesses, asthma and cancer. This is


Fracking and flaring

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The tremendous growth of unconventional oil production in North Dakota has led to a rapid rise in the production of associated natural gas. However, state authorities report that a large percentage of this gas does not ultimately go to market. Nearly 30% of North Dakota gas is currently being burned off, or flared, each month as a byproduct of oil production. The full collection and marketing of North Dakota natural gas faces two primary challenges. Firstly, natural gas has a much lower value than oil (the ratio in 2013 is reported as 30:1). This acts as a deterrent for developers to invest in natural gas. Secondly, natural gas requires its


Responses

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These can be considered at the global, national and local level. Since 2002, the World Bank has supported a Global Gas Flaring Reduction Partnership (GGFR), which promotes good practice and encourages the development of markets for AG. So far gas flaring worldwide has dropped from 172 billion cubic meters in 2005 to 140 billion in 2011, that’s equivalent to taking 52 million cars off the road. Where regulation is strong many oil companies act to reduce gas flaring and venting GGFR describes a number of projects delivered by major companies here. Regulations at any level yield the best results when supported by sound pricing for natural gas. The lower the


What are the impacts of flaring and venting?

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Where does flaring and venting occur? This is a global phenomenon, occurring wherever oil and gas production takes place. However, fewer than 20 countries are responsible for more than 70% of gas flaring and venting and just four countries (Russia, Nigeria, Iran and Iraq) together flare about 70 billion cubic metres (50% of the world total). The World Bank provides a table of the top 20 flaring countries. What are the impacts of flaring and venting? There are a range of human, environmental and economic impacts to consider, including: Climate change Globally some 140 billion cubic meters (bcm) of natural gas are flared and vented each year, equivalent to approximately


Flaring in the Niger Delta

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Gas Flaring in the Niger Delta has been an issue of global concern for decades and is widely regarded as an environmental, social and economic catastrophe.  This article from the Wall Street Journal presents a useful overview. A 2005 report by the Environmental Rights Action (ERA) and the Climate Justice Programme (CJP) quantified the impact of toxic air pollutants emitted by gas flaring in the Niger Delta. Researchers estimate that gas flaring at 17 onshore flow stations in Nigeria’s Bayelsa State is likely to cause 49 premature deaths, respiratory illnesses in 5,000 children, 120,000 asthma attacks, and eight additional cases of cancer each year. These conservative estimates would be amplified


Flaring and venting

Categories: None

What is it? Where there’s oil, there’s gas, usually in large quantities. This associated gas (AG) is released when oil reservoirs are drilled and throughout oil extraction. Flaring is the controlled burning of AG; venting is the controlled release of unburned gases directly to the atmosphere. Why Does Flaring and Venting Happen? Most AG is re-injected back into the well; this can help to force out more oil. Having the facility to flare and vent AG is important in keeping wells safe during shut downs and emergencies. The decision to vent or flare will depend on local conditions and the nature of the gas. Flaring reduces methane emissions but venting