“A significant proportion of the world’s oil is produced offshore, and is subsequently transported by pipeline, both onshore and offshore, or by sea in ships. Although over the years the amount of oil produced and transported has greatly increased as the world’s economy has expanded, the amount of oil spilt has decreased. This reduction is primarily due to the concerted efforts of the various stakeholders in the oil supply chain to develop more effective preventative measures.
Significant advances in material and construction technology and stricter operational procedures in the offshore industry and pipeline operations have minimized the risk of spills into the marine environment. The downward trend in the number of shippingrelated incidents also reflects better technology and work carried out by the oil and shipping industry with the regulators and legislators to minimize the risk of accidents and environmental damage. This guide focuses on the transportation of oil by ship and is the result of a collaborative effort by many organizations who have an interest in the prevention and/or mitigation of oil pollution and its effects on the marine environment.
The purpose of the guide is to explain to the outside observer the complex framework of international legislation, conventions and protocols which are associated with marine pollution and the arrangements established by the oil and shipping companies to prevent oil spills. The guide:
– explains the actions taken by the oil and shipping industry, in cooperation with the international community, to reduce the risk of oil entering the marine environment;
– outlines the controls, rules, regulations and procedures that are in place to ensure safe carriage of oil by sea;
– describes the contingency plans, programmes and capability put in place by industry and coastal states around the world to respond in the event of an oil spill; and explains the international compensation arrangements established to compensate for clean-up costs and to help preserve the livelihood of those affected by pollution.”
DOWNLOAD: Action against oil pollution – IPIECA